TRM Academy

Help for damaged children & young people

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The Trauma Recovery Model

Hello, we are the TRM Academy - providing the full range of training, resources and support needed to get you and your teams up and running with the Trauma Recovery Model. You can read all about it in our Prospectus.

Theory to Practice

The Trauma Recovery Model is a road map to help professionals care for and guide troubled people towards recovery. It's a composite model; combing theories of child development, attachment and neuroscience with hands on practitioner skills.

Intervention Sequencing

It provides practical guidelines for knowing which interventions to use and when. This means practitioners understand the psychological needs that underpin behaviours and can identify the types of interventions that best address those needs.

Relationships First

Working in the TRM way puts relationship building and therapeutic interaction first, mediating the impact of trauma. This paves the way for interventions that are tailored and sequenced in a way that really can make a difference.

The trauma recovery model

Provide a supportive safety net for learning

Confidence - Achieving goals

Autonomy within the supported context - Increased self-determination

Guided goal-setting - Targets - Scaffolded structure - Support into education/ training - Help to structure free time - Motivational interviewing

Increased self-belief/ esteem - Acceptance of abilities/ potential

Adult guided & supported planning - Sense of purpose & achievement - structured to maximise the chances of success

Cognitive interventions e.g. anger management - victim empathy - Consequential thinking - Good Lives approach - Restorative practice

Calmer - Increased insight into behaviour - More balanced self-narrative

Integration of old & new self - Development of confidence in thinking & planning skills

Specialist therapeutic intervention re: trauma - Containment - Co-regulation - Interactive repair - Bereavement counselling

Return to difficult behaviours as trauma is processed - Clingy or rejecting of staff

Processing past experiences - Grieving losses

Maximum 1:1 times with adults - Clear boundaries - Maintenance of structure/ routine

Smiling more - Building closer relationships with 1 or 2 staff - Increased willingness to comply with routines - Ongoing peer relationship difficulties - Ongoing confrontational/ challenging outbursts

Need to develop trusting relationships with appropriate adults - Need to develop a secure base

Regular meals & bedtimes - School - Clear boundaries

Challenging behaviour (aggression, absconding, self-harm) - Disjointed & inconsistent living arrangements - Drug use - Poor sleep/ hygiene - Offending - Poor nutrition - Inappropriate relationships - Over-reliance on peers

Need for structure and routine in everyday life

The trauma recovery model

Putting the TRM into Practice

From first level familiarisation to full scale consultancy support that transforms your service into a truly trauma-informed organisation - we have a package that works for you.



Trauma & Attachment

Introduction to the TRM

Developmental mapping

Case formulation

Applying the TRM

Practitioner Qualification

Bespoke training

Implementation report

Full implementation consultancy & support











what people are saying about us

I was able to relate to the different scenarios they used to see how to apply it to young people on the unit. Prison Officer
Brilliantly useful and relevant. Presented in terms that were easy to understand. Presenters know their subject inside out which makes all the difference! Health Visitor
Extremely well delivered training with complex information given in a way that's easy to understand. Lots to think about and take back to my role! Careers Adviser

All about us

Dr Tricia Skuse

Tricia Skuse

Tricia is a Senior Clinical Psychologist with the All Wales Forensic Adolescent Consultation and Treatment Service (FACTS) and and clinical lead for the Enhanced Case Management Project; a collaboration between FACTS and the Youth Justice Board applying the TRM to youth justice. She also works freelance providing training, consultancy and supervision to public, private and charitable sectors.

Tricia has a background in CAMHS and Learning Disability Services. She spent four years as clinical lead at Hillside Secure Children's Home, providing assessment and interventions for young people on criminal and welfare orders. Prior to retraining as a clinician Tricia was a Research Fellow at Loughborough University and Dartington Social Research Unit, focusing on outcomes for children in care.

Tricia is HCPC and BPS registered with a special interest in attachment and trauma-related difficulties in adolescents and young adults; particularly those involved in the looked after and criminal justice systems.

Jonny Matthew

Jonny Matthew

Jonny is a part time Practice Change Lead for the YJB. He is working to develop, test and evaluate the ECM in youth offending teams for young people with complex and prolific offending histories. He is also Youth Forensic Co-ordinator for FACTS, where he is the harmful sexual behaviour specialist.

In addition, Jonny works as a freelance consultant social worker and criminologist for the public, private and charitable sectors. This includes consultancy, training, assessment, inspection, editing and supervision.

Jonny has a background as a youth offending team (YOT) officer for 5 years, 10 years as an adolescent sexual offending specialist with Barnardo's and three years as Deputy Manager of Hillside Secure Children's Home. He writes a blog at and recently published his second book, 'Working With Troubled Children and Teenagers.'

Jonny is a former Chair of NOTA Wales and National Committee member of BASW Cymru.

Dusty Kennedy

Dusty Kennedy

Dusty is National Partnership Lead working in Public Health Wales on the Early Action Together Programme; a pan-Wales collaboration introducing trauma-informed practice to the four police forces and wider criminal justice. He provides independent management and systems consultancy, specialising in services for vulnerable people and is a member of the Wales Youth Work Board.

Dusty has 17 years experience working in the youth justice system; first as a volunteer mentor and, most recently, 6 years as Director of the YJB in Wales.

He was responsible for national oversight of the community youth justice system, contracts and commissioning of the children's secure estate, government relations and developing innovative practice; including the ECM project to test application of TRM in YOTs.

Before this he spent three years as Welsh Government Head of Youth Justice Strategy; using experience gained in YOT practice and senior management at the national policy formulation level.

We'd love to hear from you

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